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             Cervical Cancer: Causes, Symptoms And Treatments


Cervical cancer is a cancer of the female reproductive organ. It occur when abnormal cells around the cervix begins to grows uncontrollably. The cervix is a loop-like structure that demarcates the vagina from the womb. Cervical cancer is the third most common cancers in women worldwide. All women aged 25+ need regular pap smears until they are age 70. Cervical can be effectively treated if detected early.
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina


  • Bleeding from the vagina that is not normal, such as bleeding between menstrual periods, after sex, or after menopause.
  • Increased vaginal discharge,
  • Unusually heavy menstrual bleeding and bleeding after menopause
  • bleeding between menstrual periods,
  • bleeding during and after douching
  • Pain in the lower belly or pelvis.
  • Pain during sex,
  • Sciatica
  • Pelvic or lower back pains
  • Weight loss and
  • Bowel or bladder fistula

Causes and Risk factors:

  • Human Papilloma Virus(HPV) infection,
  • Sexual intercourse with an infected person
  • Smoking,
  • Having many sexual partners,
  • Taking birth control pills, and
  • Young females who began sexual intercourse at earlier age


  • HPV infection may cause cervical dysplasia,
  • Abnormal growth of cervical cells.


  • Cervical cancer can be diagnosed using a Pap smear or other procedures that sample the cervix tissue.
  • Chest X-rays,CT scan, MRI, and a PET scan may be used to determine the stage of cervical cancer.

Treatment options for cervical cancer include:

  • Cancer of the cervix requires different treatment than cancer that begins in other parts of the uterus.
  • Precancerous changes in the cervix may be treated with cryosurgery, cauterization, or laser surgery.
  • Radiation Therapy, and
  • Chemotherapy.


  • Regular pelvic exams and Pap testing can detect precancerous changes in the cervix.
  • You can reduce your risk of developing cervical cancer by having screening tests and receiving a vaccine that protects against HPV infection.

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Cervical Cancer: Causes,Symptoms And Treatments

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